Azerbaijan has recently unveiled the design of “Treasure of Biodiversity,” its dedicated pavilion for Expo Milano 2015, marking the first time the country has participated at a Universal Exposition. Designed by Italian firm Simmetrico Network, the pavilion aims to reflect the unique cultures and landscapes of Azerbaijan while acting as a model of sustainable design. Complete with biospheres and undulating walls, the pavilion’s unique form takes cues from the central Expo theme of “Feeding the Planet, Energy for Life,” and hopes to engage visitors with the values of protected biodiversity


The pavilion is composed of simple architectural forms, built with traditional Azerbaijani materials and practices. Designed to meet optimal standards of bio-construction, the structure also takes advantage of low energy consumption and fully recyclable materials. A wooden louver wall, for example, functions as a protective skin, and allows natural daylight to enter the space while reducing energy consumption. Together, all building components were carefully chosen to allow for efficient construction and to adapt to the biodiversity needs of a particular location.


Seeking to create a better human habitat, every part of the process aims to enhance environmental wellbeing in a tangible and functional manner. Following this belief, light and transparency serve as the fundamental elements upon which the architecture of the pavilion is based. These essential elements also ensure continued flexibility for each of the interior spaces within the structure.


Forever a cultural bridge between North and South, East and West, the geographic characteristics of Azerbaijan further inform the design of the pavilion, as the country is home to nine of the eleven climactic areas that exist in the world. Thus, the three biospheres enclosed within the pavilion are a metaphor for the climatic and cultural diversity that makes Azerbaijan unique.


Visitors enter the pavilion through an expansive atrium, which doubles as an event space and introduces visitors to the natural beauty and cultural characteristics of the country. Subsequently, visitors can take escalators up to three separate levels to view three unique biospheres. Beginning with the geographic characteristics of the country on the first floor, visitors will be proceed to lean about the nine different climatic regions in the country on the second floor, explore cultural and traditional innovations on the third floor, and have a chance to visit a restaurant and terrace on the top level.

Milan based firms Simmetrico Network , Arassociati  Architecture and AG&P landscape architecture studio will manage the design and construction for the pavilion. After the Milan Expo closes on October 31, 2015, the pavilion will be dismantled and transported to theAzerbaijan capital of Baku where it will be reassembled as a cultural center.